Nowadays marijuana greenhouses are becoming popular in businesses due to their cost-efficient practices such as lower cost in facility construction and its maintenance, better upgradability and natural energy distribution, unlike warehouse facilities. However, certain practices and decisions should be observed in the design elements of the facility, when this approach is being taken as a potential road-map.
First consideration should be taken with the connection between the greenhouse and its head-house. Head-house can be defined as the central hub which consists of working areas, offices, storage rooms etc. Generally, head-houses take up to 10 – 20% of the total greenhouse space. Then, in order to improve system maneuverability, several devices can be applied such as conveyor belts, carts, or wheelbarrows, etc. Each of them has its own pros and cons, thus choose wisely according to your needs. Afterward, keep a major plan on the back-end in case for any expansions afterwards, and should be kept for all areas, whether be it a growth room, or your working offices.
Next up should be the style of your greenhouse. There are many options available in the market, but Gothic designs are considered the best for their better light transmission, thus causing them to shed snow easier in winters. Moreover, glass designs for glazing should also be kept in mind, along with separated growth environments, such that they operate separately, and can be suspended when needed. Furthermore, glass glazing provides more light energy transmission, with the cost of most heat loss.
Thirdly, is your space utilization. Greenhouses should come with equipment which use as much space as possible within your premise. Peninsula-styled benches are efficient for this purpose, and they can also be separated for different plant varieties. It provides appropriate space for the carts to pass through their arrangement. Moreover, movable benches can also provide better space usage with up to 90%. Mother plants and early growth can also be separated in other rooms for better space usage.
Efficient heating is extremely important in case of greenhouse marijuana cultivation. When installing a system for this case, compare your heating fuels on the basis of per million BTU. Typically, a hot boiler is the best choice for heating. Water temperature is easier to regulate and manipulate according to needs. Instantaneous water heaters are also a good choice for small scale greenhouses. Shade screens can also be installed with the heating systems to decrease fuel costs. However, this heating system should also be regulated with the help of cooling systems via ventilation to provide better temperature control. Natural cooling is also a good choice if it is handled properly though side and roof vents. If thermostats are being used, then those thermostats should be selected which have a +/-1 differential for better control.
Last but not the least is lighting and irrigation system. To provide optimal weather conditions in case of bad weather, there should be a lighting system as a backup. LED lights are the most efficient for this case. Irrigation systems can decrease labor cost by automating water supplies. A large number of plants can be irrigated efficiently within little time.