Part of ensuring a building’s safety is by installing a fire sprinkler system. A fire in any building at all could lead to significant damages including structural damage. Fire sprinkler systems help in killing off fire fast and in alerting the occupants of the building before it spreads, hence contributing majorly to fire safety in offices, homes and any commercial environment.
One might think that building with fire-resistant materials is enough. However, fire can arise from the oddest of materials or electrical appliances. Therefore, installing fire sprinkler systems will further contribute to fire safety in your building. This article features the fire sprinkler system design and why it is necessary.
Having a fire sprinkler system in a building breeds the feeling of safety from fire in the building’s occupants. In the event of a fire, a fire sprinkler activates by detecting the heat from the fire and automatically releasing a flow of water to suppress the fire or even extinguish it.
In some cases, the fire may rise to some level before the sprinkler can detect the heat. However, the sprinkler, when activated, can suppress the fire, giving the occupants of the building enough time to evacuate. Additionally, the fire sprinkler can suppress the fire enough, containing the degree of damage, hence affording firefighters the ease of accessing the building and getting to the fire source fast.
Please note that this article takes into account the NFPA 13, together with relevant documents. This national standard is responsible for the guidelines and rules associated with fire sprinklers. With this standard, designers, and homeowners have a consistent standard to follow to meet fire safety requirements.
The design engineers tasked with the fire sprinkler design will first receive the intended building design. And according to the NFPA 13, the engineer will add fire sprinkler heads following certain rules.
The sprinkler heads need to be connected to a supply. The supply could be a direct water supply or a tank. This is by adding the sprinkler system pipework. This pipework connects the sprinkler head to the water supply.
Determining the pressure and flow of water the system requires is the next step. This is dependent on the location of the sprinkler heads. To determine this, full hydraulic calculations (FHC) are done in a hydraulic calculation software.
Ensuring that the sprinkler system is In accordance with the NFPA 13 Standard, the pipe diameters are changed, balancing the pipe network. This further ensures a cost-efficient design.
When designing the fire sprinkler system, the engineers make sure the lighting of the building is not affected. With some design engineers lining the sprinklers heads according to the lighting plan.
When everything design is in place and in accordance with the NFPA standard, the design engineer sends his design to the homeowner to be approved. After which design drawings are sent to installation engineers to begin the installation.
The fire sprinklers are very common and have been in use for quite some time now. However, so many homeowners don’t know how effective the fire sprinkler system is. This article summarised the need for fire sprinklers, how effective it is, how it works and its design system.